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Indeks Forum -> Ogłoszenia -> Linki (strony o Szubinie i inne godne polecenia) -> Efficient removal of anti-inflammatory from solution by activated carb 
 Efficient removal of anti-inflammatory from solution by activated carb
 Autor: Wiadomość:
04.03.2021 03:58
dingxinda
Pierwsze literki... i cyferki
Pierwsze literki... i cyferki
Grupa: Użytkownicy
Postów: 37
Skąd:
dxdcarbon.comThis work developed an innovative activated carbon (ICAC) derived from orange peels (OP) through chemical activation using FeCl3. The traditional activated carbon (PCAC) that was prepared through K2CO3 activation served as a comparison. Three adsorbents (ICAC, PCAC, and OP) were characterized by various techniques, these being: Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area analysis, thermo-gravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. They were applied to remove diclofenac from aqueous solution applying batch experiments, in order to investigate the characteristics of adsorptive kinetics, isotherms, and thermodynamics. Results indicated that the SBET values were in the following order: 457 m2/g (PCAC) > 184 m2/g (ICAC) > 3.56 m2/g (OP). The adsorption process reached a fast equilibrium, with activating energies being 27.6 kJ/mol (ICAC), 16.0 kJ/mol (OP), and 11.2 kJ/mol (PCAC).activated carbon price in usa The Langmuir adsorption capacities at 30 °C exhibited the decreasing order: 144 mg/g (ICAC) > 6.44 mg/g (OP) > 5.61 mg/g (PCAC). The thermodynamic parameters demonstrated a signal dissimilarity between biosorbent (ΔG° <0, ΔH° <0, and ΔS° <0) and activated carbon samples (ΔG° <0, ΔH° >0, and ΔS° >0). The presence of iron (FeOCl, γ-Fe2O3, and FeOOH) on the surface of ICAC played a determining role in efficiently removing diclofenac from solution. The excellent adsorption capacity of ICAC toward diclofenac resulted presumably from the contribution of complicated adsorption mechanisms, such as hydrogen bonding, ion-dipole interaction, π-π interaction, pore filling, and possible Fenton-like degradation. Therefore, FeCl3 can serve as a promising activating agent for AC preparation with excellent efficiency in removing diclofenac.




     
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